Tombstone Tuesday: Marguerite Chicoine

Whenever I hear that someone is a Chicoine, I tend to assume that we’re related. From what I’ve been able to learn, most, if not all of those who bear the Chicoine surname – in the United States, at least – can trace their ancestry to the early settlers of Quebec. In the latter half of the nineteenth century, many of these French Canadian Chicoines immigrated to New England, and from there, many moved on to settle in southeastern South Dakota. The Ancestry.com surname map reflects this migration pattern.

SaintAloysiusCemeteryMargueriteChicoine

Grave of Marguerite (Chicoine) Adam, 1816-1878, Saint Aloysius Cemetery, Indian Orchard, Hampden, Massachusetts; image date 1987, privately held by Brian Adam [personal information withheld].

The last of my ancestors to carry the Chicoine surname was Marguerite Chicoine of Indian Orchard, Hampden County, Massachusetts.1 Marguerite was baptized on 31 August 1816 in Saint-Antoine-sur-Richelieu, Quebec, the daughter of Leon Chicoine, a forgeron, or blacksmith, and Marie Varie.2 According to family lore, Marguerite was of Native American (First Nation) descent through her mother.3

Marguerite married Timothée Adam on 23 October 1837 in Saint-Marc-sur-Richelieu, Quebec.4 They farmed in Saint-Hyacinthe County,5 and together, they raised at least fourteen children: Marguerite, Marie, Julienne, Timothy, Louis, Joseph, Marie Vitaline, Pierre Pie, Joseph Magloire, Euclide Jean, Marie Elisa, Marie Arcelia, Elzear Henry, and Prosper Phillip Adam.

By 1865, Marguerite had relocated with her family to Massachusetts, to a community where many, including her husband, sought work in the cotton mills.6 However, her time there was short-lived; Marguerite succumbed to consumption on 12 September 1878, days after she turned sixty-two.7 She is buried at the Saint Aloysius Cemetery in Indian Orchard, Hampden County, Massachusetts.8



SOURCES
1 Grave of Marguerite Chicoine, 1816-1878, Saint Aloysius Cemetery, Indian Orchard, Hampden County, Massachusetts; photograph by Brian Adam, 1987, privately held by Brian Adam [personal information withheld]. It was not uncommon for French Canadian women to retain their maiden names, as reflected on this gravestone.
2 “Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967,” digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 January 2014), Marguerite Chicoine, 31 August 1816, St-Antoine-sur-Richelieu, Quebec; citing Drouin Collection, Institut Généalogique Drouin, Montreal, Quebec.
3 Brian
Adam, conversation with the author, 2000; notes in author’s files.
4 “Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967,” digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 January 2014), Marguerite Chicoine and Timittier Dam [Timothée Adam], 23 October 1837, St-Antoine-sur-Richelieu, Quebec; citing Drouin Collection, Institut Généalogique Drouin, Montreal, Quebec.
5 1851 Canada census, Saint Hyacinthe County, Quebec, population schedule, St. Pie, District Number 31, Sub-District 404, page 29, line 45, Marguerite Chicoine; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 January 2014), citing
Census of 1851 (Canada East, Canada West, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia), Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa.
6
“U.S, City Directories, 1821-1989,” database, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 January 2014), entry for Timothy Adams; citing “Springfield, Massachusetts, City Directory, 1865,” 24, and 1870 U.S. census, Hampden County, Massachusetts, population schedule, Springfield Ward 8, p. 33 (penned), dwelling 174, family 236, Margaret Adams; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 January 2014), citing National Archives microfilm M593, roll 618.
7 “Massachusetts, Springfield Vital Records, 1638-1887,” digital image, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 20 January 2014), Marguerite Adam, 12 September 1878, Springfield.
8
Grave of Marguerite Chicoine, 1816-1878, Saint Aloysius Cemetery, Indian Orchard, Hampden County, Massachusetts.

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4 thoughts on “Tombstone Tuesday: Marguerite Chicoine

  1. Pingback: Searching for Marguerite | Homestead Genealogical Research

  2. Pingback: The Last Canadian | Homestead Genealogical Research

  3. Pingback: Tombstone Tuesday: Timothy and Odile (Millette) Adam | Homestead Genealogical Research

  4. Pingback: The Iowa Asylum | Homestead Genealogical Research

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